Arthroscopy is now the gold standard for Knee, Shoulder Wrist Elbow and Ankle surgery. It is now being increasingly used both for surgery in and around Hip. It is also effective as a day case treatment of most conditions around the young adult hip and the elite sportsman.
Within the discipline of sports medicine, the hip has received considerably less attention than other joints, largely because of the difficulty that practitioners have traditionally had in assessing intra articular abnormalities around the hip. Over the past few years, hip arthroscopy has been gaining considerable interest. The advent of better diagnostic tools, especially MRI, has helped in the detection of hip Labral tears in a more predictable fashion. New techniques and instrumentation have facilitated the treatment of Labral tears by hip arthroscopy. Most notably, the recent adaptation of arthroscopy instruments specifically designed for the hip has led to improved safety, visualization, and accessibility of this joint.
Athletes subject their bodies to extreme forces; their lower extremity joint may experience joint reactive forces in excess of five times body weight during activities such as running and jumping. The mechanisms of injuries can be from repetitive motion or direct trauma.